Ancestry.com. Hautes-Alpes, France, Census, 1856 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT. USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2019.Original data: France, Hautes-Alpes, recensement de la population, 1856. Archives départementales des Hautes-Alpes (Departmental archives of Hautes-Alpes), France.
The first national census in France that listed names was taken in 1772. However, most of the France national censuses taken from 1795 to 1836 only show statistics without personal names. A national census was taken every five years from 1836 until 1936, with the exception of 1871 (which was taken in 1872) and 1916 (which was skipped). Census records do not consistently give the same information, but after 1836 they usually give the surname and given names, age, occupation, head of house, nationality, and sometimes the birthplace. The 1856 census includes surname, given name, occupation, age address and marital status. France divides the country into numbered administrative regions, called departments. Hautes-Alpes is department 5, named after the Alps mountains.