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Marshall Family History

Marshall Name Meaning

English and Scottish: status name or occupational name from Middle English, Old French maresc(h)al ‘marshal’. The term is of Germanic origin (compare Old High German marah ‘horse’, ‘mare’ + scalc ‘servant’). Originally it denoted a man who looked after horses, but by the heyday of medieval surname formation it denoted on the one hand one of the most important servants in a great household (in the royal household a high official of state, one with military responsibilities), and on the other a humble shoeing smith or farrier. It was also an occupational name for a medieval court officer responsible for the custody of prisoners. An even wider range of meanings is found in some other languages: compare for example Polish Marszalek (see Marszalek). The surname is also borne by Jews, presumably as an Americanized form of one or more like-sounding Jewish surnames.

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press


Similar surnames: Marschall, Marchal, Parshall, Marszalek, Marshal, Minshall, Marchand

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Where is the Marshall family from?

You can see how Marshall families moved over time by selecting different census years. The Marshall family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. The most Marshall families were found in the UK in 1891. In 1891 there were 10,011 Marshall families living in Yorkshire. This was about 23% of all the recorded Marshall's in the UK. Yorkshire had the highest population of Marshall families in 1891.
Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Marshall surname lived. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations.

What did your Marshall ancestors do for a living?

In 1939, General Labourer and Unpaid Domestic Duties were the top reported jobs for men and women in the UK named Marshall. 6% of Marshall men worked as a General Labourer and 63% of Marshall women worked as an Unpaid Domestic Duties. Some less common occupations for Americans named Marshall were Incapacitated and Private Means.

View Census data for Marshall | Data not to scale

*We display top occupations by gender to maintain their historical accuracy during times when men and women often performed different jobs.

Top Male Occupations in 1939

  • General Labourer
    6%
  • Builders Labourer
    3%
  • Bricklayer
    2%
  • Incapacitated
    2%

Top Female Occupations in 1939

  • Unpaid Domestic Duties
    63%
  • Unpaid Domestic
    3%
  • Housewife
    2%
  • Private Means
    2%
Black & white image of two construction labourers

What Marshall family records will you find?

Census Records

There are 1 million census records available for the last name Marshall. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Marshall census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

Search Australian census records for Marshall

Passenger Lists

There are 242,000 immigration records available for the last name Marshall. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in Australia, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

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Draft Cards

There are 238,000 military records available for the last name Marshall. For the veterans among your Marshall ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

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What is the average Marshall lifespan?

Between 1940 and 2004, in the United States, Marshall life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1940, and highest in 2004. The average life expectancy for Marshall in 1940 was 32, and 74 in 2004.

View Social Security Death Index (SSDI) for Marshall

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