History of your Surname
Get access to Gong family records.Start a free trial

Gong Family History

Gong Name Meaning

Chinese:: Mandarin form of the surname 龔 meaning ‘showing respect for elders or guests’ in ancient Chinese: adopted in place of another Chinese surname 共 (Gong in Mandarin pinyin). For some families the surname is said to be traceable back to Gong Gong (共工) an official during the reign of the legendary Huang Di or ‘the Yellow Emperor’ (c. 27th century BC). Other families with this name are from the state of Gong (共) located in present-day Huixian (in Henan province) which was granted to Ji He known as Gong Bo (the Earl of Gong) a figure during the Western Zhou dynasty (1046–771 BC). For other families the surname is borne by descendants of Shen Sheng a prince in the state of Jin during the Spring and Autumn Period (770–476 BC) with Gong as his posthumous title. His descendants inherited this title as their surname. Later some descendants with the surname 共 changed their surname to 龔 in order to escape from persecution by their enemies. Mandarin form of the surname 鞏 meaning ‘to consolidate’ in Chinese: (i) from the placename Gong (鞏) the name of a fief or state (located in present-day Gongxian in Henan province) which is said to have been granted to Gong Jian Gong (鞏簡公 Duke Jian of Gong) during the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC) later annexed by the state of Jin. (ii) traced back to a family from the Qiang minority ethnic group in ancient China. Mandarin form of the surname 宮 meaning ‘royal palace’ in Chinese: (i) from Gong Men (宮門 literally meaning ‘palace gates’) the name of an official post during the Western Zhou dynasty (1046–771 BC) in charge of repairing and cleaning the gates of the palace. (ii) from the personal name Gong Zhi Qi (宮之奇) an official in the state of Yu (located in present-day Shanxi province) during the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC). (iii) shortened form of other ancient compound Chinese surnames including Dong-Gong (東宮 literally meaning ‘the east of the palace’) Nan-Gong (南宮 literally meaning ‘the south of the palace’) Xi-Gong (西宮 literally meaning ‘the west of the palace’) and Bei-Gong (北宮 literally meaning ‘the north of the palace’). Mandarin form of the surname 公 meaning ‘Duke’: from Gong (公) the Chinese equivalent of the peerage ‘Duke’. Some people inherited the name of the peerage of their ancestors as the surname. Mandarin form of the surname 弓 meaning ‘bow’ in Chinese: (i) borne by descendants of Hui a grandson of the legendary Huang Di the ‘Yellow Emperor’ (c. 27th century BC). Hui was given the title Gong Zheng (弓正) denoting an official in charge of making bows. (弓 Gong means ‘bow’ in Chinese). (ii) from the second element of the personal name Shu Gong (叔弓) style name of an official in the state of Lu during the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC). Mandarin form of the surname 貢 meaning ‘paying tribute to the emperor by subjects or vassal states’ in ancient Chinese: from the second element of the personal name Zi Gong (子貢) style name of Duan-Mu Ci a student of Confucius (551–479 BC).7: Mandarin form of the surname 恭 meaning ‘courtesy’ or ‘respectful’ in Chinese: (i) from the placename Gong (恭 also written as 共) the name of an ancient state (located in present-day Gansu province). (ii) from Gong (恭) the posthumous title of Shen Sheng (died in 656 BC) crown prince of the state of Jin who died in an unrest. (iii) adopted in place of another surname Jing (敬) that happened to be identical to the title of Emperor Jing of Liang (ruler of the state of Liang 543–558 AD) which was taboo in ancient China.8: alternative Cantonese form of the surname 江 see Jiang

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names 2nd edition, 2022

Similar surnames: Rong, Kong, Long, Hong, Song, Tong, Dong, Tang, Yong, Jing

Search for a relative to learn more about your family history.

Hint: Try searching for a relative alive in 1940.

Black & white image of a young woman scientist

Where is the Gong family from?

You can see how Gong families moved over time by selecting different census years. The Gong family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. The most Gong families were found in USA in 1920. In 1891 there were 11 Gong families living in London. This was about 46% of all the recorded Gong's in United Kingdom. London had the highest population of Gong families in 1891.
Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Gong surname lived. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations.

What did your Gong ancestors do for a living?

In 1940, Proprietor and Housewife were the top reported jobs for men and women in the USA named Gong. 16% of Gong men worked as a Proprietor and 23% of Gong women worked as a Housewife. Some less common occupations for Americans named Gong were Farmer and Waitress. .

View Census Data for Gong | Data not to scale

*We display top occupations by gender to maintain their historical accuracy during times when men and women often performed different jobs.

United States shown, England data unavailable

Top Male Occupations In 1940

  • Proprietor
  • Laborer
  • Salesman
  • Farmer

Top Female Occupations In 1940

  • Housewife
  • Clerk
  • Waiter
  • Waitress
Black & white image of two construction labourers

What Gong family records will you find?

Census Records

There are 5,000 census records available for the last name Gong. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Gong census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

Search Australian census records for Gong

Passenger Lists

There are 5,000 immigration records available for the last name Gong. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in Australia, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

View all Gong immigration records

Draft Cards

There are 1,000 military records available for the last name Gong. For the veterans among your Gong ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

View all Gong military records

You've only scratched the surface of Gong family history

Discover More

What is the average Gong lifespan?

Between 1953 and 2004, in the United States, Gong life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1959, and highest in 1965. The average life expectancy for Gong in 1953 was 51, and 76 in 2004.

View Social Security Death Index (SSDI) for Gong

Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in the Gong family tree

Explore Your Tree

Browse profiles of historical people with the Gong last name

Search for another surname
Enter last name/surname
Start a 14-Day Free Trial